Protection & Indemnity and Charterers’ Liability Insurers

Protection & Indemnity and Charterers’ Liability Insurers

The blend of experience and qualification of our staff provides an all-round expertise to assist in handling third party liability issues comprehensively and smoothly.
Further to the usual marine surveyor profiles, we can provide expertise in nautical accidents also with the aid of AIS and VDR data analysis, proprietary IT tools to extract and analyze electronic data flows, injury and accidents investigations, local rules and regulations consultancy, as well as marine engineering services where necessary.
Network locations provide local knowledge about rules and regulations, market standards, specialty skills such as river navigation, etc.

Our experts can investigate the cause, nature and extent of damages and failures of hull, structures, systems and machinery of all types of ships and yachts.
Through the experience of our Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, Master Mariners and Chief Engineers we can report quickly to the interested parties and with respect to the underlying frame of rules, policies and relations.
Root cause analysis is carried out following the requirements of the Principal since the investigation stage, in order to collect the relevant information and evidence.
Analysis of IT records and VDR data complements the field inspections.
Samples of fuel, oils and other fluids, and failed parts of machinery and structures, can be analyzed by independent laboratories to investigate the cause of damages.
Estimated duration and cost of repairs, or loss of hire, are updated continuously in order to allow Principal to reserve the claim properly.

Investigations of all marine accidents, including collisions and groundings, are carried out by our specialists also through the analysis of electronic navigational data, VDR recordings, AIS data in order to provide all the factual evidence necessary for the definition of liability.
VDR and AIS data are elaborated from raw format with own tools, in order to obtain the full extent of information without the limits of playback software or third party elaborations.
Accidents are reported in detail on nautical charts and with all relevant information, including other vessels, limits to navigation, milestone events and communications.
Comments on liability based on COLREG and other applicable international and local rules can be provided also separately.

After a proper attendance we can provide Risk Assessments of vessels and management companies in accordance with the recognized JH2006/010 guidelines, as well as any other form or guideline provided by the Client.
Engine Room Management & Machinery Risk Assessment, Condition Survey, Office Management Assessment and Structural Condition Survey can all be carried out in the interest of the Client, with a prompt Recommendation and Follow up reporting for deficiencies which might arise.
The same method is applied to various guidelines and forms as provided by Clients such as P&I Clubs, Charterers, etc.

Several Risk Assessments in accordance with JH143 guidelines have been already carried out in repair and construction shipyards, both for merchant vessels and superyachts, in order to provide Insurers with the proper risk profiles in advance.
Risk Assessment can also be specific for a single activity (such as maintenance and repairs) or for a construction, in case of Builders’ Risk cover.

The vast and diverse experience of our people is key in assisting interested parties and their lawyers on all technical aspects of ship construction, operations, casualties, accidents and injuries.
Technical knowledge is provided within the legal framework given, in order to pursue the desired results while making arguments understandable for all involved parties.

The review of VDR data in a range of time against the applicable rules and procedures allows to carry out Navigational audits ex post based on factual evidence.
This method is cost effective, efficient and excludes the external factors which interfere with standard on board auditing procedures.
Audits can include single maneuvers, complete voyages or even wider ranges of time.

In some areas we can test the tightness of hatch covers by means of ultrasonic equipment, as recommended by many insurers and charterers, both as a standalone service or jointly with a condition survey.

Marine injuries investigations are carried out in accordance with applicable law and rules, and based on the evidence available and collected through the monitoring  systems.
Analysis of root cause and of applicable procedures and rules provides information on the expected liabilities.
In case of dispute, we can assist providing expert advice and support at hearings.